Islamic civilization is a scientific civilization that places training as the principle priority of the event of its society. Islam makes the activity of in search of data as a form of worship and is an obligation for every individual. Ibn Khaldun mentioned schooling needs to be positioned as an integral part of civilization as a result of civilization itself is the content of schooling. However, the best value of Islamic schooling which is transcendent and integral, doesn’t separate the physical and metaphysical realms, have to be eradicated resulting from several exterior and internal factors experienced by Muslims.
The secular-liberal Western civilization then succeeded in spreading its worldview through science, both science and humanities, to virtually all areas of the world and it happened as what the French thinker Auguste Comte imagined in the 19th century, that the rise of Western science would exchange the religion of civilization.
The rise of science in the West has also changed the human soul with the mind. The human body is regarded as nothing more than a wonderfully regulated machine, and operates by the principles of mathematical legal guidelines. Fritjof Capra, a Western scientist in his ebook The Turning Level, expressed his nervousness. In line with him, nowadays experts in numerous fields are not capable of clear up pressing issues that come up of their fields of experience. Economists are no longer capable of perceive the% pit inflation which is insufficient to resolve the problem 2C oncologists are confused concerning the causes of cancer, psychiatrists are confused by schizophrenia, police are more and more helpless by growing crime charges. He added that most teachers adhere to perceptions of actuality which are all big issues that are systemic problems, which means that these issues are interconnected and interdependent (Capra, 2004: 8-9).
The issues of the Western world are not just an mental drawback, however slightly an emotional disaster or more precisely an existential crisis. When science became a brand new faith, spiritual phatology, crisis of which means, and other psychological issues arose. Christianity has long been deserted by its followers in order that the West depends closely on psychology to understand people with all their problems. Classical psychology within the West was initially carefully associated to Christianity, when within the 13th century, Thomas Aquinas combined psychology with Christian theology and ethics.
However lastly psychology steadily adopted the philosophy of materialism with the emergence of Decardes’ thought, and positivism from the Cartesian-Newtonian scientific custom which radically modified the topic of psychological research and strategies. Then got here the movement of psychology comparable to behaviorism in the Watson and Skinner tradition, and psychoanalysis which originated from Freud. So that within the early 20th century, psychology textbooks have misplaced all references to emotional awareness and will (Graham, 2005: 34).
Furthermore, Western society who is rational and worships the scientific technique, is captivated by the idea of spirituality and adopts Japanese mystical cultures comparable to Tao, Buddhism, Zen, Yoga and numerous different types of meditation. This contact gave rise to varsities of psychology corresponding to humanistic psychology as well as transpersonal or transhuman psychology that have been more centered on the universe (cosmos) than human wants or interests. An academic institution in America, particularly the Esalen Institute in Massive Sur, California, at its inception in 1966, invited exponents from various disciplines from Eastern and Western cultures, together with Yoga, meditation, modifying states of consciousness, martial arts, dance. , non secular leaders, philosophers, artists, scientists, and psychologists to trade views in seminars and workshops and different programs so as to notice the intention of this Institute as an educational center that includes spiritual and mental dimensions. This meeting is claimed to have produced numerous approaches, in addition to strategies derived from Eastern philosophies and religions or esoteric traditions, which are transplanted into Western psychology (Graham, 2005: 73).
The topic of spirituality then emerged and became the cover story of famous magazines in America resembling USA Today and Newsweek. Time journal reported in 2003 that in America, meditation is taught in schools, hospitals, law companies, government institutions, company places of work, and prisons. Even accommodations within the Catskills area, New York, are turning into places of meditation so shortly that in line with Joel Stein, a writer at Time, the Borscht Belt area has changed its name to the Buddhist Belt (Aburdene, 2006: 7).
This phenomenon is no surprise, as a result of the West does have confusion in conceptualizing spirituality and faith resulting from their dualistic thinking, particularly separating the fabric and spiritual worlds. Most Western psychologists view spirituality as private and in the psychological realm, while religion is institutional and within the sociological realm. Some claim that faith is related to conservatism (conservatism) and spirituality is related to openness to vary (Hood, 2009: 9-10). Consequently, spirituality might be achieved with or without by way of religion. Within the Western spiritual idea, spirituality will be developed in some ways, for example, by faith, thought, prayer, meditation or ritual (Greatest, 2000: 10).
The Western conception of problematic spirituality has given the background for the emergence of a model of spiritual training and coaching that combines numerous sorts of mystical teachings, science, psychology, as a way to build human non secular intelligence (SQ). The concept of SQ itself was born from the womb of the West so that efforts to enhance Western-style spiritual intelligence generally don’t educate humans to become creatures who acknowledge the greatness of God and submit to the Shari’a that He has revealed. In response to Zohar, SQ is a psychological device that has evolved over thousands and thousands of years, which allows fashionable people to surrender their spiritual longings with out going through formal faith. SQ is the innate inside means of the human mind and soul, whose deepest source is the core of the universe itself, stated Zohar in his book Non secular Intelligence which has been translated in Indonesia.
In the view of Islam, spirituality cannot be separated from God and faith. Spirituality can only be obtained by way of the way in which of Islamic sharia, which originates within the Koran and Hadith and has been exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad, his companions and salafusalih generations. The paths of spirituality by ignoring sharia will maintain followers away from the truth of Islam and the perpetrators is not going to get true peace in this world and the hereafter.
The idea of spiritual intelligence in Islam can be very a lot totally different from the West as a result of SQ within the West solely stops on the awareness that people are a part of one thing huge, namely the universe, whereas Islam considers the universe to be solely a creature of Allah like people, who undergo Allah’s rules and orders. Due to this fact, the intention of spiritual education in Islam should be able to kind Muslim people who perceive the character of their existence on this world and do not forget the final day the place they will return. As said by Imam al-Ghazali that training must be directed towards the realization of non secular and moral objectives, with the emphasis on obtaining the superiority of taqarrub to Allah, and to not search a excessive position or achieve the glory of the world.